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PRESIDENTS’ DAY TRIVIA

February 16, 2009

PRESIDENTS’ DAY TRIVIA

In 1960, on the prairie below Pike’s Peak, I shook hands with the President of the United States.  I was attending the National Scout Jamboree in Colorado Springs, Colorado. President Dwight David Eisenhower spoke to the more than fifty thousand scouts. Senior Patrol Leaders from every troop were invited to stand along the roadway as the President’s car traveled through the city of tents. At one point, the man, affectionately known as Ike, got out of his convertible and shook hands with seventy or more of us. I was in that group. 

In 1885, President Chester Arthur signed a bill making Washington’s Birthday a federal holiday. President Lincoln’s birthday on February 12 never became a federal holiday but was celebrated in many states outside the Old Confederacy. In 1968 Congress passed the Monday Holidays Act, moving the official observance of Washington’s Birthday from February 22 to the third Monday in February. Many Americans call the holiday Presidents’ Day in honor of all of our Presidents.

President’s Day is an appropriate time for Presidential trivia. Here are some facts that interest me.

George Washington was actually born on February 11, 1731, according to the Julian calendar. In 1752, Britain adopted the Gregorian calendar, making January the first month of the year instead of March. Accordingly, Washington’s Birthday jumped to February 22, 1732.

            Several of our Presidents were related to other Presidents.

·        James Madison (the 4th President) and Zachary Taylor (the 12th President) were second cousins. 

·        John Quincy Adams (the 6th President) was the son of John Adams (the 2nd President). 

·        Benjamin Harrison (the 23rd President) was the grandson of William Henry Harrison (the 9th President). 

·        Franklin Delano Roosevelt (the 32nd President) was a fifth cousin of Theodore Roosevelt (the 26th President).

·        FDR was distantly related to a total of 11 U.S. Presidents, 5 by blood and 6 by marriage.

·        George W. Bush (the 43rd President) is the son of George H. W. Bush (the 41st President).  

Twenty-six Presidents were attorneys before becoming President.

Twelve Presidents were generals, including Washington and Eisenhower.

Nine years after leaving the presidency, William Howard Taft was appointed Chief Justice of the Supreme Court.

            Barack Obama is our 44th President. There actually have been only 43 Presidents. Grover Cleveland was elected for two nonconsecutive terms and is counted as both our 22nd and 24th President.

Eight Presidents were born British subjects: Washington, John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, James Monroe, John Quincy Adams, Andrew Jackson, and William Henry Harrison.

Martin Van Buren was the first President born in the United States.

Jimmy Carter was the first President to be born in a hospital.

Two Presidents were former college presidents, James Madison and Woodrow Wilson.

The college that has the most Presidents as alumni, six in all, is Harvard. Yale is a close second, with five.

The oldest elected President was Ronald Reagan at age 69.  The youngest elected was John F. Kennedy at age 43. Theodore Roosevelt was the youngest man to become President. He was 42 when he succeeded William McKinley, who had been assassinated.

The oldest living former President was Gerald Ford at age 93. The second oldest was Reagan, who also lived to be 93 years.

The tallest President was Lincoln at 6’4″. Madison was the shortest at 5’4″.

We have elected eight left-handed Presidents: James A. Garfield, Herbert Hoover, Harry S. Truman, Ford, Reagan, George H.W. Bush, Bill Clinton, and Obama.

Fourteen Presidents first served as Vice Presidents.

For two years a President and a Vice President who were not elected by the people governed the nation. After Vice President Spiro T. Agnew resigned in 1973, President Nixon appointed Gerald Ford as Vice President. Nixon resigned the following year, which left Ford as President, and Ford’s appointed Vice President, Nelson Rockefeller.

James Buchanan was the only President never to marry. Five Presidents remarried after the death of their first wives. Two, Tyler and Wilson, remarried while in the White House. Reagan was the only divorced President.  

Six Presidents had no children. Tyler, the father of fifteen, had the most.

Four Presidents, Lincoln, James Garfield, William McKinley, and Kennedy were assassinated in office. Assassination attempts were made on the lives of Jackson, T. Roosevelt, F. Roosevelt, Truman, Ford, and Reagan.

Eight Presidents died in office. William Henry Harrison died after serving only one month.

Presidents Adams, Jefferson, and Monroe all died on the 4th of July. Calvin Coolidge was born on that day.

Lincoln, Jefferson, F. Roosevelt, Washington, Kennedy, and Eisenhower are portrayed on our coins.

In these tough economic times, may I suggest that this Presidents’ Day might be a good time to start collecting Presidential portraits? You’ll find their likeness printed by the United States Mint on paper currency.

·        George Washington on the $1 bill

·        Thomas Jefferson on the $2 bill

·        Abraham Lincoln on the $5 bill

·        Alexander Hamilton on the $10 bill

·        Andrew Jackson on the $20 bill

·        Ulysses S. Grant on the $50 bill

·        William McKinley on the $500 bill

·        Grover Cleveland on the $1,000 bill

·        James Madison on the $5,000 bill

·        Woodrow Wilson on the $100,000 bill

Good luck with your collection!

 

Kirk H. Neely

(C) February 2009

 

 

Kirk H. Neely

© February 2009

 

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